Chapter Source Reference
2 Bible Job 19:7-29[1]
Roger recites the passage as he and the others preside over a funeral for the anonymous Dutch family: "Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard..."
5 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow "Paul Revere's Ride" (1861)[2]
Claire thinks of the lines when Major MacDonald broaches the subject of the Committees of Safety: "On the eighteenth of April in Seventy-five..."
6 Pliny the Elder Natural History (77–79)[3]
Roger suggests Pliny's recipe for concrete for Brianna's problem of transporting water.
Daniel Defoe The Pirate Gow (1725)
The Beardsley twins admit to Brianna and Roger that they learned the word "brigands" from the book Lizzie had been reading to them.
9 Bible 1 Samuel 6:4[4]
Claire explains to Jamie what "emerods" are: "Then said they, What shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden emerods, and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines."
John Locke Two Treatises of Government (1689)
Claire quotes the Declaration of Independence, and Jamie informs her that Thomas Jefferson's idea regarding the "consent of the governed" originated with a man called Locke.
Part III Bible Ecclesiastes 3[5]
Section title: To Every Thing There Is a Season
17 Bible 1 Samuel 28,[6] Revelation 17[7]
In his letter to Lord John Grey, Jamie explains the new tenants' view of Claire: " would think her the Witch of Endor, if not the Great Whore of Babylon."
19 Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"Achan Ìosa (Prayer to Jesus)"[8]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. III (1940)
The folk of Fraser's Ridge finish the haymaking and Jamie says a prayer aloud for the group: "I say the prayer from my mouth, I say the prayer from my heart..."

At the end of the chapter, Claire quotes the prayer again after Major MacDonald shares information about more burnings in the backcountry: "Stand between me and all things grisly."

Bible Proverbs 30:18-19[9]
Jamie quotes the passage as he and Claire observe Lizzie Wemyss flirting with Bobby Higgins: "Three things astonish me, nay four, sayeth the prophet: The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea – and the way of a man with a maid."
21 1 Timothy 5:23[10]
Jamie quotes the passage to Tom Christie, who agrees to drink some wine while Claire tends to his injured hand: "Take a little wine for thy stomach's sake."
Proverbs 31:10, 31:13, 31:22[11]
Roger, feeling the calluses on Brianna's hands while she talks about plans for her next project, quotes from the chapter: "Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies... She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands... She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple."
23 1 Timothy 2:11-12[12]
Tom Christie starts to quote St. Paul to Claire: "Let a woman be silent..."
1 Timothy 5:23[10]
Claire quotes the passage to Tom Christie as she prepares to do surgery on his hand: "Take a little wine for thy stomach's sake."
Psalm 118:19-27[13]
Jamie reads aloud from the Bible during Tom Christie's surgery: "Open to me the gates of righteousness: I will go into them, and I will praise the Lord..."
Psalm 23[14]
Tom begins the psalm, but Claire finishes it: "The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want... Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil... Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the Lord for ever."
24 John 20:17[15]
Chapter title: Touch Me Not
1 Corinthians 11:5[16]
Tom Christie uses the verse to support his notion that Claire ought to cover her hair properly: "But every woman that prayeth or prophesieth with her head uncovered dishonoureth her head: for that is even all one as if she were shaven."
1 Corinthians 11:14-15[17]
Claire counters with a passage of her own: "Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him? But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering."
28 Reginald Heber "From Greenland's icy mountains" (1819)[18]
Claire makes oblique reference to the poem in her thoughts: "Definitely one of those prospects where only man was vile."
35 Tobias Smollett The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle (1751)
Malva reads aloud from the book while Marsali is in labor.
Henry Fielding The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (1749)
Malva, Ian and Jamie discuss literature and friendship.
Ovid Tristia (I, ix, 5)[19]
Jamie quotes the poet during their discussion: "So long as you are secure you will count many friends; if your life becomes clouded you will be alone."
37 Jean Giraudoux / trans. Maurice Valency The Madwoman of Chaillot (1945)
Claire likens Fergus's disheveled appearance to the title character of the satire.
39 Bible John 11:25-26[20]
Chapter title: I Am the Resurrection
Romans 6:23[21]
Roger thinks of a sermon the Reverend used for funerals, and thinks it's from Epistles, but Jamie informs him it's actually in Romans 6: "For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord."
46 Ezekiel 6:9[22]
Malva Christie has a stream of questions for Claire about sex and how to interpret relevant Bible passages.
48 Mark 16:18[23]
Malva tells Jamie about how Gully Dornan brought a snake to Sunday meeting, knowing the subject of the text: "For they shall take up poisonous serpents, and suffer no harm."
49 Leviticus 18:7[24]
Brianna sees the scars on Jamie's back, and for a moment wishes to draw the tension in his shoulders, then thinks of the verse: "Thou shalt not uncover thy father's nakedness."
Alexander Carmichael (editor) "Eolas Gradhaidh (Love Charm)"[25]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. II (1900)
Mrs. Bug recites the love charm "Venom o' the North Wind" to Brianna: "A love charm for thee, / Water drawn through a straw, / The warmth of him thou lovest, / With love to draw on thee..."
51 Bible John 5:1-15[26]
Roger recalls to Jamie the story of the pool at Bethesda, where an angel would "trouble the waters" and folk would then step in to be healed.
Mark 13:14[27]
Jamie quotes the verse, in answer to Roger's question about whether he, Jamie, believed what his time-traveling family had told him about the future: "But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains."
A. E. Housman A Shropshire Lad, LXII (1896)[28]
Jamie starts the quote, having heard Claire say it, and Roger finishes it: "And malt does more than Milton can / To justify God's ways to man. / Ale, man, ale's the stuff to drink / For fellows whom it hurts to think."
54 Bible Matthew 26:39,[29] Luke 22:42[30]
Claire quotes the verse, when Jamie confides his feeling of being cut off from his fellow countrymen, knowing they will be on opposing sides in the coming war: "Lord, that this cup might pass from me: but not my will be done, but Thine."
56 William Shakespeare MacBeth, Act I, scene 7, lines 1-2 (ca. 1606)[31]
Claire quotes the lines as she and Jamie prepare to call on Mrs. Sylvie, the proprietress of the local brothel, to treat the prostitutes for syphilis: "If it were done when 'tis done, then 'twere well / It were done quickly."
61 Bible Psalm 91:3[32]
Chapter title: A Noisome Pestilence
64 Presbyterian Church (USA) Book of Common Worship (1946)[33]
Roger prays over Claire as she finally begins to waken after her illness: "O Lord Jesus Christ, thou great Physician: Look with thy gracious favor upon this thy servant; give wisdom and discretion to those who minister to her in her sickness; bless all the means used for her recovery..."
72 Reginald Heber "From Greenland's icy mountains" (1819)[18]
Claire quotes the lines to Jamie, observing the beauty of River Run's environs in the wake of Jocasta's revelation about Phaedre's paternity: "Though every prospect pleases, / And only man is vile; ..."
89 William Shakespeare Julius Caesar, Act I, Scene 2, Line 195 (1599)[34]
Ian quotes the line to Jamie while they talk about Richard Brown: "He thinks too much: such men are dangerous."
111 Charles Lamb "A Dissertation Upon Roast Pig" from Essays of Elia (1823)[35]
Claire thinks of the essay when Jamie suggests that the White Sow wouldn't notice if the house were to fall down upon her, countering, "What, not even if it was on fire?"
116 Christopher Marlowe The Jew of Malta (1590)[36]
Brianna quotes the line to Lord John when they talk of Geneva Dunsany and her father: "But that was in another country,/ And besides, the wench is dead."
117 Bible Psalm 23:6[37]
Chapter title: Surely Justice And Mercy Shallow Follow Me[38]

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