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Chapter Source Reference
1 Bible Matthew 27:35[1] / John 19:24[2]
Lord John paraphrases the verse: "And for his vesture, they cast lots."
4 Clement Clarke Moore "A Visit from St. Nicholas" (also known as "The Night Before Christmas" and "'​Twas the Night Before Christmas") (1823)
Claire quotes the poem at the wake for Mrs. Bug and Grannie MacLeod: "The moon on the breast of the new fallen snow, / Gave the luster of mid-day to objects below..."
John Donne Devotions upon Emergent Occasions (1624)[3]
Jamie and Claire discuss Meditation XVII: "No man is an island, entire of itself..."
Bible Psalm 23[4]
Claire sings the psalm in Gaelic at Mrs. Bug's funeral: "Is e Dia fèin a’s buachaill dhomh" (The Lord is my shepherd.)[5]
11 Alexander Carmichael (editor) "An Cath Nach Tainig (The Battle to Come)"[6]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. I (1900)
Jamie blesses Claire before she leaves to deliver Lizzie's second child.
"Bride Ban-Cobhair (Bride the Aid-Woman)"[7]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. I (1900)
Jamie prays for Lizzie and her unborn child.
Bible Job 5:7[8]
Jamie considers the meaning of the verse while walking to the Beardsleys' cabin: "Yet man is born to trouble, as the sparks fly upward."
12 William Butler Yeats "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" from The Countess Kathleen and Various Legends and Lyrics (1892)
Claire recalls the poem while taking her leave of Fraser's Ridge.[9]
18 Archie Bell & the Drells "Tighten Up" (1968)
Claire quotes a line from the song to Jamie: "We don't only sing but we dance / Just as good as we walk."
27 Lewis Carroll Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865)
Brianna likens her harrowing journey through the tunnel to Alice falling down the White Rabbit's hole.
29 Samuel Johnson A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland (1775)[10]
Roger talks to Mr. Menzies about Jem's punishment for speaking the "barbarous Erse" at school.
30 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Tales of a Wayside Inn, Part III, The Theologian's Tale: Elizabeth, IV (1863)[11]
Chapter title: "Ships That Pass in the Night"
Rudyard Kipling "If—" (1895)
Claire thinks of the first lines of the poem while observing Jamie's ability to keep calm in dire circumstances: "If you can keep your head when all about you/ Are losing theirs and blaming it on you ..."
Felicia Dorothea Hemans "Casabianca" (1826)
Claire quotes the first lines of the poem while Jamie and John Smith consider their options as an unknown ship approaches the Pitt: "The boy stood on the burning deck/ Whence all but he had fled ..."
Oliver Goldsmith The Art of Poetry on a New Plan, vol. ii. p. 147 (1761)[12][13]
Captain Asa Hickman uses the saying to convey the reasoning for his plan of action regarding Captain Stebbings and the Teal: "For he who fights and runs away/ May live to fight another day"
Jerome Kern (music)
Ira Gershwin (lyrics)
"Long Ago (and Far Away)" (1944)
Claire quotes the song title when she and Jamie recall Mr. Willoughby.
32 Prayer cycle in the Canonical Hours Office of the Dead, third Nocturne of Matins[14]
Lord John quotes the line to Harry Quarry to explain concisely his troubled thoughts: "Timor mortis conturbat me" ("The fear of death disturbs me").
34 Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. The Constitution of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, "Directory for Worship" (1901)[15]
Roger quotes the Constitution of the American Presbyterian Church.
Douglas Adams The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy (1978)
Roger and Brianna use the name of the BBC radio show to refer to the guide to time travel that they start writing.
Mark M. Boatner III Encyclopedia of the American Revolution (1966)
Brianna notices a few new history books that Roger bought.
Joseph Plumb Martin A Narrative of a Revolutionary Soldier[16]
Brianna notices a few new history books that Roger bought.
36 H. Ranger Harris's List of Covent Garden Ladies (1757-1795)
William thinks of his copy of the annual directory whilst journeying through the Great Dismal Swamp.
Aristophanes The Frogs (405 BC)
William quotes the frogs' refrain while wandering through the swamp: "Brek-ek-ek-ex, co-ax, co-ax. Brek-ek-ek-ex, co-ax!"
46 Alexander Carmichael (editor) "Eolas Chnamh Chir (The Cud Chewing Charm)"[17]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. II (1900)
Roger reads aloud from the Carmina Gadelica.
"Eolas A Mheirbhein (The Indigestion Spell)"[18]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. II (1900)
Roger reads aloud from the Carmina Gadelica.
"Duan an Daoil (Poem of the Beetle)"[19]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. II (1900)
Roger reads aloud from the Carmina Gadelica.
Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"An Eala Bhàn (The White Swan)"[20][21]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. IV (1941)
Roger reads aloud from the Carmina Gadelica.
47 Bible Song of Solomon 8:6[22]
The quotation comes to Roger as he feels jealousy hearing Rob Cameron sing: "Love is strong as death; jealousy is cruel as the grave: the coals thereof are coals of fire"
52 William Shakespeare Hamlet (ca. 1599)
Claire compares Mrs. Raven to Ophelia.
57 Bible Matthew 24:20[23]
Claire thinks of the verse while considering the refugees from Fort Ticonderoga: "But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day"
58 William Shakespeare Hamlet, Act I, Scene iv, Line 16 (ca. 1599)
Lord John mutters the beginning of the line after Percy Wainwright makes a remark about the power of honesty: "More honored in the breach..."[24]
Macbeth, Act IV, Scene i, Line 79 (1606)[25]
Percy Wainwright uses the line to describe the difference between Lord John and the Baron Amandine, ascribing the quote to the former: "Bloody, bold, and resolute"
59 Bible Matthew 27:51[26]
The sentiment of the line comes to William when a letter arrives for General Burgoyne from General Howe: "And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent ..."
61 Laurence Sterne The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, Vol. I (1759)
Jamie finds a copy of the first volume, abandoned, and brings it to give to Claire. Jamie reads aloud a sentence from Chapter 3.XVI: "So that the life of a writer, whatever he might fancy to the contrary, was not so much a state of composition, as a state of warfare; and his probation in it, precisely that of any other man militant upon earth,—both depending alike, not half so much upon the degrees of his wit—as his Resistance."[27]
62 Bible Genesis 18:24[28]
Jamie quotes the passage to Claire to explain how he feels about the loss of his finger: "Wilt thou not destroy the city, for the sake of fifty just men?"
64 Robert Browning "Andrea del Sarto" from Men and Women (1855)[29]
In response to Major General Arnold's question about the philosophy of endeavor, Jamie quotes the lines, which he had heard from Claire: "Ah, but a man's reach should exceed his grasp, / Or what's a heaven for?"
Sir Walter Scott Tales of a grandfather: being stories taken from Scottish history,
Volume 1 (1828)[30]
Claire references the legend about Robert the Bruce and the spider to illustrate how even some small thing can have a huge influence.
65 Richard Brinsley Sheridan / Chris Humphreys The Rivals (1775) / Jack Absolute series
A Welsh lieutenant named Absolute calls to William across a field about a game of hazard. The character is named as a nod to C.C. Humphreys' Jack Absolute series, whose title character is in turn based on the main character of the Sheridan play The Rivals.
74 T. S. Eliot "Whispers of Immortality" from Poems (1919)[31]
Claire quotes the lines to Andrew Bell as they see about fixing the leakage of Brigadier General Simon Fraser's coffin: "And saw the skull beneath the skin; / And breastless creatures under ground / Leaned backward with a lipless grin."
Lewis Carroll Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865)[32]
Claire thinks of the line as she struggles to begin writing her book: "Begin at the beginning, and go on till you come to the end: then stop."
75 Bible Job 7:10[33]
Claire thinks of the line during Brigadier General Simon Fraser's burial: "And his place will know him no more."
76 Psalm 22:17[34]
Claire thinks of the line when she sees how the elder Ian's illness has ravaged his body: "I can count all my bones . . ."

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