Chapter Source Reference
7 Bible Job 1:13-22[1]
Claire thinks of the Book of Job as an analogy to Jamie's losses since the Rising, and William Tryon's offer to have it all back.
8 Petronius (attributed)
Ben Jonson (translation)
"Fragmentum Petron. Arbitr." Under-woods. Consisting of Divers Poems (1640)[2]
Jamie recites the lines in Latin to Claire, after his advances are stymied by the presence of Ian and their other companions: "Foeda est in coitu, & brevis voluptas, / Et taedet Veneris statim per actae." (Doing, a filthy pleasure is, and short ; / And done, we straight repent us of the sport.)
Homer Odyssey (8th century BC)
Jamie recites passages in Ancient Greek, attempting to tutor Ian in Greek and Latin.
Plautus Amphitryon, lines 648-653 (ca. 205–184 BC)[3]
Jamie prompts Ian for the lines in Latin, with less than favorable results.[4]
Virgil Aeneid, line 1 (ca. 29–19 BC)[5]
Claire Fraser admits that the line is all she remembers of her Latin instruction: "Arma virumque cano."
John O'Keeffe The Agreeable Surprise (1781)[6]
Jamie recites a poem, to Claire and Ian's amusement: "Amo, amas, I love a lass..."[7]
9 Bible Proverbs 31:10[8]
Stephen Bonnet paraphrases the passage: "A virtuous woman is prized above rubies; her price is greater than pearls."
Matthew 6:34[9]
Claire quotes the passage: "Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof."
10 William Congreve The Mourning Bride, Act III, scene 2, and Act I, scene 1 (1697)[10]
Claire chimes in with the quote during the discussion about Lieutenant Wolff's unsuccessful marriage proposal to Jocasta: "Hell hath no fury like a woman scorned."
12 Bible Song of Solomon 7:4[11]
Phillip Wylie quotes the beginning of the line to Claire, who finishes it: "Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bathrabbim: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus."
13 Aristophanes The Frogs (405 BC)
Jamie quotes the frogs' refrain to Claire: "Brek-ek-ek-ex, co-ax, co-ax. Brek-ek-ek-ex, co-ax!"
Bible Ruth 1:16-17[12]
Claire quotes the lines to Jamie: "Whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried."
Matthew 5:7[13]
Jamie quotes the line to Claire in trying to explain why he didn't let Claire attend to a dying man: "Blessed are the merciful, for they shall find mercy."
14 Bible Luke 3:7[14]
Chapter title: Flee from Wrath to Come
Traditional "The Fause Bride (I Loved a Lass)"[15][16]
Claire thinks of the lines while she and Jamie, along with Ian, John Quincy Myers, and Pollyanne, make their way into the mountains: "How many strawberries grow in the salt sea; how many ships sail in the forest?"
15 Bible Matthew 6:30[17], Job 5:7[18], Psalm 103:15-16[19]
Claire paraphrases a few different verses: "Man is like the grass that withers and is thrown into the fire... He is like the sparks that fly upward... and his place will know him no more."
Psalm 103:15-16[19], Matthew 6:30[17], 1 Peter 1:24-25[20]
Jamie likewise paraphrases the sentiments of multiple verses: "Man is like the grass of the field: today it blooms; tomorrow it withers and is cast into the oven." These, as well as other verses, lend meaning to their overall conversation – that life on Earth is fleeting, but love (i.e. the word of God) endures forever.
Rudyard Kipling The Jungle Book (1894)
Claire thinks of "Mowgli and the Red Flower", briefly considering fire as a weapon against the bear, but lays a hand on one of the fish Jamie caught and uses that instead.
16 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Evangeline (1847)
Claire takes in the wilderness around her, thinking of the first lines of Longfellow's epic poem: "This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks ..."
18 Traditional "Je t'aime un peu, beaucoup, passionnément, pas du tout" (He loves me... he loves me not)
Roger gives Brianna a bracelet inscribed with the French version of the game.
19 Alexander Carmichael (editor) "Teisreadh Taighe (House Protecting)"[21]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. I (1900)
Jamie blesses the hearth: "God, bless the world and all that is therein..."
Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"An Saodachadh (The Driving)"[22]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. IV (1941)
Duncan performs a blessing to protect the livestock: "The safeguard of Fionn mac Cumhall be yours..."
20 Marcus Aurelius Meditations, Book III, passage 16 (170 to 180 AD)[23]
Jamie recites the translation aloud while he and Ian work on building the cabin: "Body, soul, and mind: the body for sensation, the soul for the springs of action, the mind for principles..."
21 William Shakespeare Macbeth, Act IV, scene 1, lines 10-11 (ca. 1606)[24]
Claire feels like a witch while standing over her large cauldron, even just to melt snow in it: "Double, double toil and trouble; / Fire burn, and cauldron bubble."
Charles Dickens A Christmas Carol (1843)
Claire tells the story to Jamie, trying to keep him awake until morning. She reflects on her tradition with Frank, and how they would read the story to Brianna every Christmas.
Bram Stoker Dracula (1897)
Claire muses that one of her ancestors must have been bitten by a vampire, and tells Jamie about "the life and times of Count Dracula."
22 Virgil / Concise Oxford Dictionary of Quotations Aeneid, Book IV, line 23 (ca. 29–19 BC)[25][26]
Chapter title: Spark of an Ancient Flame
23 T. S. Eliot "Whispers of Immortality" from Poems (1919)[27]
Chapter title: The Skull Beneath the Skin
William Shakespeare Hamlet, Act V, Scene 1, lines 163-164 (ca. 1599)[28]
Claire quotes the line when she discovers a human skull buried beneath a tree, and ponders how long ago the person may have died: "How long will a man lie i' the earth ere he / rot?"
John Keats "Written in Disgust of Vulgar Superstition" (1816)[29]
Claire recites the poem to the skull.
"Ode on a Grecian Urn" (1820)[30]
Claire quotes the line to the skull: "Forever wilt thou love, and she be fair!"
Percy Bysshe Shelley "Ode to the West Wind" from Prometheus Unbound (1820)[31]
Claire recites the ode to the skull.[32]
Prometheus Unbound, Act I, line 262 (1820)[33]
Claire thinks of the line while she watches the light draw closer: "Fiend, I defy thee! with a calm, fixed mind."
Charles Perrault "Cendrillon" (Cinderella)
from Histoires ou contes du temps passé (1697)
Jamie calls Claire "Cinderella" after he and Young Ian have told her about her shoes, and Claire says later in the scene that she has turned into a pumpkin.
25 Sir Arthur Conan Doyle "The Adventure of the Speckled Band" from The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892)
Claire, frozen with fear at sight of a rattlesnake in the privy, ponders whether snakes are deaf, or might respond favorably to whistling, per the Sherlock Holmes story.
Epicharmus Thearoi, "Visitors to Delphi"[34][35][36]
Lord John and Jamie make reference to the Greek comic writer, having seen William after his excursion into the privy.
Pindar Olympian 1: For Hieron of Syracuse Single Horse Race 476 B. C.[37]
Claire offers up her own epigram, handing a jar of soap to William: "Water is best."
26 Thomas Aquinas Tantum Ergo from Pange Lingua Gloriosi Corporis Mysterium (c. 1264)
Claire sings to the dying Indian man in the corncrib. (See also: Music)
27 Richard Brautigan Trout Fishing in America (1967)
Chapter title: Trout Fishing in America
37 Herman Melville Moby-Dick (1851)
Roger thinks about Stephen Bonnet's reputation, and reflects that he would have sailed with Captain Ahab, so desperate was he to follow Brianna to North Carolina.
38 William Whiting "Eternal Father, Strong to Save" (1860)
Chapter title: For Those in Peril on the Sea
Traditional / John Gregorson Campbell Superstitions of the Highlands and Islands of Scotland: Collected Entirely from Oral Sources (1900)[38]
Roger watches a small girl, Isobeàil, expend pent-up energy on deck, chanting tunelessly: "Seven herrings are a salmon's fill, / Seven salmon are a seal's fill, / Seven seals are a whale's fill, And seven whales the fill of a Cirein Croin!"[39]
39 Robert Monro "Between the devil and the deep blue sea"[40][41]
Roger considers Bonnet's challenge, and the line comes to him: "And here Roger stood quite literally between the devil and the deep blue sea..."
40 South Asian parable / John Godfrey Saxe[42] Blind men and an elephant
Brianna references the story while she and Roger undress to have sex for the first time: "No, the beast is like a wall... no, the beast is like a rope, like a snake..."
Terry Garrity, John Garrity, and Len Forman The Sensuous Man (1971)
Brianna tells Roger about what she read in a book about pleasing a male partner.
43 William Butler Yeats "The Lake Isle of Innisfree" from The Countess Kathleen and Various Legends and Lyrics (1892)
Brianna recalls the poem to Jamie, that Frank would quote it when Claire was in her garden.[43]
48 Bible Leviticus 18:7[44]
Brianna thinks of the passage when she asks Jamie about Jack Randall: "Thou shalt not uncover thy father's nakedness."
The Rymour Club (collector) Miscellanea of the Rymour Club, Edinburgh. Vol. I: 1906-11, "There was a man i Muir o Skene..."
Jamie demonstrates forcibly to Brianna that she could not have fought off her rapist, and taunts her by reciting a nursery rhyme: "There was a man in Muir of Skene, He had dirks and I had none; But I fell on him with my thumbs, And wot you how, I dirkit him, dirkit him, dirkit him?"[45]
Catechism of the Catholic Church Lord's Prayer
The words come to Jamie as he seeks the ability to forgive Jack Randall: "Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil."
Bible Romans 12:19[46]
Jamie thinks of the verse while he considers his role in the aftermath of Brianna's rape: "Vengeance is mine, sayeth the Lord."
51 Genesis 2:24[47]
Roger thinks of the verse while he contemplates his way forward, and role what Brianna might play in his decision: "And for this reason, a woman shall leave her parents, and cleave to her husband."[48]
59 Marcus Aurelius Meditations (170 to 180 AD)
Lord John is reading the book in Jocasta Cameron's library when Brianna invites him to walk outside with her.
62 Timothy Fuller Three Thirds of a Ghost (1941)
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