Chapter Source Reference
1 Horace Ars Poetica ("The Art of Poetry") (ca. 19 BC)
Claire uses the term in medias res, first used by the Roman poet in the first century BC.
Aristotle History of Animals (4th century BC)
Claire says she doesn't care for Aristotle, noting that he ranked women "somewhere below worms" in his scala naturae.
Proverb "Happy is the bride that the sun shines on; happy is the corpse that the rain rains on."[1][2]
Jamie says the proverb to Claire, in light of the overcast sky: "Happy the bride the sun shines on; happy the corpse the rain falls on."
2 Bible Feeding the multitude
Chapter title: Loaves and Fishes
4 Bible Matthew 19:5[3]
Roger thinks of the verse while considering what to get for Brianna as a wedding gift: "For this reason shall a woman leave her father's house, and cleave unto her husband, and the two shall be one flesh."[4]
12 Luke 6:19[5]
Jamie quotes the verse to Claire, who has been tending to the sick and wounded all morning: "And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all."
Genesis 18:11[6]
Jamie refers to Sarah, who bore a child in old age, while talking to Claire.
13 Proverb "A' are gude lasses, but where do the ill wives come frae?"[7][8]
Jamie quotes the proverb to Roger: "All are gude lasses, but where do the ill wives come frae?"
16 Alexander Carmichael (editor) (poem fragment)[9]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. II (1900)
Roger sings for Brianna on their wedding night: "On the night that our wedding is on us, I will come leaping to thee with gifts..."
17 Bible Matthew 19:6,[10] Mark 10:8-9[11]
Jamie, with thoughts on how strongly Claire's mere touch affects him, reassures himself of the rightness of it with support from the Bible: "Thou shalt be one flesh, and what God has joined together, let no man put asunder."
18 Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"Beannachdan (Blessings)"[12]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. III (1940)
Jamie has a sudden memory of his mother, and says a brief prayer: "May God make safe to me each step..."
21 William Shakespeare Julius Caesar, Act III, scene 1, line 77[13]
Roger reads the line from the eye chart that Claire has devised to test his vision: "Et tu, Brute?"
A Midsummer Night's Dream, Act IV, scene 2, lines 42-43[14]
Roger reads another line from the eye chart: "Eat no onions / nor garlic, for we are to utter sweet breath"
Julius Caesar, Act III, scene 2, lines 26-27[15]
Claire guesses that Jamie can easily read the fifth line on her eye chart: "As he was valiant, I honor him; but, as he was / ambitious, I slew him."
22 Allan Roberts "Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall" (1944)[16]
Claire quotes the title phrase to Jemmy, considering that one must take the good with the bad in some circumstances.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow "Paul Revere's Ride" (1861)[17]
Claire quotes from the poem to Jamie as they discuss Governor Tryon's call to raise a militia: "Ready to ride and spread the alarm / Through every Middlesex village and farm".
25 Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"Beannachadh Tàimh (Rest Benediction)"[18]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. III (1940)
Jamie and Claire pray in bed the night before leaving with the militia: "And bless, O bless to me the angeling of my rest."
27 Bible Proverbs 27:19[19]
Claire thinks of the line, understanding why Jamie decided to help Josiah and Keziah Beardsley: "As in water face answereth to face, so the heart of man to man."
Dante Alighieri Inferno from Divine Comedy (1308-1320)
Claire notes that Mrs. Beardsley refers to her husband's home as though it were the fifth circle of hell.[20]
Dorothy L. Sayers / Alexandre Dumas Unnatural Death (1927)[21] / The Three Musketeers (1844)[22]
Jamie recalls to Claire a story that Brianna had told him: "Let pass the justice of God."
31 Robert Frost "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" (1922)[23]
Claire quotes the poem as she considers what may have happened to Fanny Beardsley, and what to do next about the child: "And miles to go before I sleep."
36 Julian of Norwich Revelations of Divine Love (1395)[24]
Claire quotes the lines to Adso: "All shall be well, and all shall be well, and all manner of thing shall be well."
37 Tobias Smollett The Expedition of Humphry Clinker (1771)
Lord John sends a copy of the book to Jamie.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Canon of Sherlock Holmes (1887–1927)
Brianna refers to Jamie and Lord John as Sherlock and Watson, respectively, when talking to Claire about Jamie's search for Stephen Bonnet.
38 Julius Caesar Caesar's Commentaries (58–48 BC)[25]
Roger eyes the Fraser's Ridge library in Jamie's study.
Marcus Aurelius Meditations (170 to 180 AD)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
John Brickell The Natural History of North-Carolina (1737)[26]
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Daniel Defoe Robinson Crusoe (1719)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Henry Fielding The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling (1749)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Tobias Smollett The Adventures of Roderick Random (1748)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Samuel Richardson Pamela; or, Virtue Rewarded (1740)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Miguel de Cervantes Don Quixote (1605)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
Samuel Johnson A Dictionary of the English Language (1755)
Part of the Fraser's Ridge library.
William Shakespeare The Merchant of Venice, Act II, scene 2, lines 76-77 (1598)[27]
Roger carelessly quotes the play, which itself reverses an old proverb: "It is a wise father that knows his own child."
Part V Bible 1 Corinthians 7:9[28]
Section title: Tis Better to Marry Than Burn
41 William Congreve The Mourning Bride, Act I, scene 1 (1697)[29]
Chapter title: Music Hath Charms
42 Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"Dùrachd (Good Wish)"[30]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. III (1940)
Jocasta says the deasil charm to protect Jemmy from the fairies, as Brianna listens: "Wisdom of serpent be thine, wisdom of raven be thine, wisdom of valiant eagle..."
46 Bible Proverbs 16:18[31]
Claire, trying to dissuade Jamie from rising to Phillip Wylie's challenge, cites "the one about pride going before a fall."
52 The Beatles A Hard Day's Night (1964)
Chapter title
53 Christopher Marlowe The Jew of Malta (1590)[32]
Claire makes an oblique mental reference to the work: "But that was long ago, and in another country... And besides..."
55 Agatha Christie Miss Marple (character)
Brianna addresses Claire as "Miss Marple" while the latter proceeds to lay out what is known about Betty's murder.
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Canon of Sherlock Holmes (1887–1927)
Brianna calls Roger "Inspector Lestrade" after he makes his own deductions about the murder.
57 The New England Primer Now I Lay Me Down to Sleep (trad., 1750)
Chapter title
62 Bible Matthew 5:9[33]
Roger thinks of the verse, after his attempt to persuade the Regulators to disperse: "Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God."
63 Dr. Seuss Green Eggs and Ham (1960)
Claire refers to the children's book, in light of William Tryon's insistence that he could not, would not, deal with a mob: "Could you, would you, in a box? Could you, would you, with a fox?"
Part VII Matthew Arnold "Dover Beach" (1867)
Section title: Alarms of Struggle and Flight
73 Procol Harum "A Whiter Shade of Pale" (1967)
Chapter title
74 Simon & Garfunkel "The Sounds of Silence" (1964)
Chapter title
Bible Mark 6:25-27[34], Matthew 14:8-11[35]
At Mrs. Sherston's request, Brianna paints her as Salome. Bree chooses to paint the severed head of John the Baptist with a strong resemblance to Governor Tryon.
78 Michel de Montaigne Essays (1580)
Brianna browses the new books in Jamie's study.
Daniel Defoe Moll Flanders (1722)
Brianna browses the new books in Jamie's study.
Benjamin Franklin The Means and Manner of Obtaining Virtue
Brianna browses the new books in Jamie's study.
William Shakespeare MacBeth, Act IV, scene 1, lines 14-15 (ca. 1606)[36]
Claire quotes the lines while examining the contents of the amulet pouch that Nayawenne gave to her: "Eye of newt and toe of frog, / Wool of bat and tongue of dog..."
84 Mark Twain Mark Twain's Letters, Volume 2 (1917)[37]
Claire says the quote to Jamie after they have survived the lightning strike: "Thunder is good, thunder is impressive; but it is lightning that does the work."
86 Christopher Marlowe The Jew of Malta (1590)[32]
Roger starts to think of the quote, put in mind of his upbringing as the preacher's lad while steeling himself to ask Jamie to teach him how to fight: "But that was in another country..."
Alexander Pope An Essay on Criticism (1711)
Roger quotes two lines to Jamie, who recites the next two: "A little learning is a dangerous thing; / Drink deep, or taste not the Pierian spring: / There shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, / And drinking largely sobers us again."
92 The Beatles "With a Little Help from My Friends" (1967)
Chapter title: I Get By With a Little Help From My Friends
97 Walter Scott "Bonnie Dundee" (1825)
Claire refers to the poem, along with other bits of verse and song, to explain to Roger the average Scotsman's bloody-mindedness.[38]
100 Robert Burns "To a Mouse, on Turning Her Up in Her Nest with the Plough" (1785)
Claire quotes the line to Jamie while they dicuss the plan regarding Stephen Bonnet: "The best laid plans of mice and men gang aft agley."[39]
Bible Psalm 107:23-30[40]
Roger recites the lines to distract Jemmy, as well as the rest of the family: "They that go down to the sea in ships..."
103 Romans 12:19[41]
Claire thinks of the verse, contrasting its sentiment with the attitude of male Highlanders, with regard to protecting family and defending honor.
107 Robert Louis Stevenson "My Shadow" from A Child's Garden of Verses (1885)[42]
Claire thinks of the poem while standing naked at the window: "I have a little shadow that goes in and out with me, / And what can be the use of him is more than I can see."
109 Bible Luke 15:11-32[43]
Claire refers to the parable about the prodigal son shortly after Young Ian has returned to Fraser's Ridge.
110 Alexander Carmichael (collector)
James Carmichael Watson (editor)
"An Tuiream Bàis (The Death Dirge)"[44]
from the Carmina Gadelica, vol. III (1940)
Jamie says the prayer during the brief observance of the loss of Ta'wineonawira – "Otter-Tooth" – and the other lost time-travelers, as well as Daniel Rawlings: "Thou goest home this night to thy home of winter..."
Bible Psalm 39:4-5, 12[45]
Roger speaks the verses for the lost time-travelers and Daniel Rawlings: "Lord, make me to know mine end, and the measure of my days, what it is: that I may know how frail I am..."
111 Thucydides History of the Peloponnesian War, Book II, chapter 40 (ca. 431 - 400)
Jamie translates from the Greek: "The bravest are surely those who have the clearest vision of what is before them, glory and danger alike, and yet notwithstanding, go out to meet it."

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